CFP: Businesses, banks and the making of Europe’s Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), 1957-1992

The aim of this conference is to explore the contribution of businesses and banks to the debates about Europe’s Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) from the 1960s to the 1990s. 
While there is an increasing number of studies on business and European integration, the role and involvement of businesses in the making of EMU remain little researched. Business history mostly focuses on business attitudes to European integration in general, as well as businesses’ reaction to European integration and the adaptation of corporate strategies. Most studies look at the history of the Single Market neglecting economic and monetary coordination.
This conference overcomes the division for business and financial history by including banks in the umbrella term of ‘business’. In case of the EMU, banks relevance was critical. First, they had an obvious interest in monetary affairs in the EEC/EU for the conduct of their business activities. Second, policymakers considered that EMU necessitated a high degree of financial integration for a proper functioning, which implied an increase in the cross-border activities of banks and other financial services. Third, banks were, like other companies in the EEC/EU, very active in trying to influence the Commission and European policymakers in order to shape European integration to their perceived interests.
The conference thus proposes to further connect business and financial history with European integration history. Were businesses and banks supportive, indifferent to, or against EMU, and why? Did they share the same attitudes, concerns, and objectives? What was their actual contribution to policy discussions, and did they participate through lobbying broadly speaking, or the co-production of norms? How did they try to coordinate their views to increase their influence? Did they push for proposals that were alternative to those being designed among governments? And what challenges does the influence of businesses and banks raise in terms of democratic legitimacy? Answers to these questions are likely to reveal just how diverse, complex, and multi-faceted the debates were around economic and monetary integration in Europe. They equally open new lines of economic historical research on the power of non-state actors to shape intergovernmental macro-economic coordination. 

We are particularly interested in contributions looking at:

  • case studies on individual businesses and banks, 
  • broader approaches addressing one country, 
  • studies on business and banking associations and groupings,
  • analyses focusing on specific sub-sectors of business (industry, services, small and medium-sized enterprises, multinationals) and banking (cooperative banks, investment banks, commercial banks, small- or medium-sized banks), or other financial institutions (insurance and stock exchanges, for instance) 
  • comparative approaches across states and sectors
  • the *absence* of specific reflections on EMU (or the misperception, misconception of what EMU entails),
  • dialogue of businesses and banks with the EEC institutions and national governments,
  • contextualisation of EMU in business perceptions of European integration: to what extent was EMU on the agenda, and if not, what topics were? Where did EMU fit in business and banks perceptions of the European project?
  • The view of business and banks elsewhere in the world (criticism against ‘Fortress Europe’)

The conference focuses on a period running from the creation of the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957 until the decision to create an EMU in 1991 with the Treaty of Maastricht in 1991. Contributions can focus on shorter, more specific periods, in particular the 1980s, or span this entire time frame.

The conference will take place on 25-26 April 2022. We hope to hold it in person in Glasgow, but if the coronavirus-related restrictions are too onerous for the participants, we will revert to a hybrid format.

Eligibility and how to apply:

PhD students, early career researchers, and confirmed researchers are invited to submit proposals. We encourage submissions on any aspect of business.

Applicants should submit an abstract of no more than 500 words outlining their proposal, and a short CV by 15 December 2021 to EURECON Project Administrator Diana Mardare, rso-admin-eurecon@glasgow.ac.uk, mentioning ‘Business and EMU Conference’ in the headline. Selected applicants will be informed by early January 2022.

Please note that should your institution be unable to do so, there are limited funds available to support your accommodation and travel expenses. 

For further information please contact the EURECON Project’s administrator Diana Mardare: rso-admin-eurecon@glasgow.ac.uk

Scientific committee:

Dr Alexis Drach (University of Paris VIII)
Dr Aleksandra Komornicka (University of Glasgow)
Professor Emmanuel Mourlon-Druol (University of Glasgow)
Professor Neil Rollings (University of Glasgow)

Organisation:

The conference is initiated by the ERC-funded research project EURECON: The Making of a Lopsided Union: Economic Integration in the European Economic Community, 1957-1992 led by Professor Emmanuel Mourlon-Druol (grant agreement No 716849).

Cambridge-LSE workshop on African Economic History 29-30 June 2021

The third annual Cambridge-LSE Workshop on African economic history will take place on Zoom from 29-30 June 2021. In this exceptional year, this workshop will be one of a series of smaller meetings replacing the annual meeting of the African Economic History Network, which has been postponed.

We are inviting submissions in all fields of African economic history, particularly from advanced PhD students and early career scholars. The workshop will be held over two half-days and the programme will focus on short presentation of pre-circulated papers.

Please submit a CV and extended abstract of 300-500 words to l.a.gardner@lse.ac.uk by 4 June, 2021.

Best wishes,
Leigh Gardner, on behalf of the African Economic History Network

University of Gothenburg offers PhD studentships in Economic History

Ref PAR 2021/180

The University of Gothenburg tackles society’s challenges with diverse knowledge. 53 500 students and 6 500 employees make the university a large and inspiring place to work and study. Strong research and attractive study programmes attract scientists and students from around the world. With new knowledge and new perspectives, the University contributes to a better future.

With around 3 700 full-time equivalent students, 470 employees and 160 international partner universities, the main subjects of economics and law, and its four departments, the School of Business, Economics and Law offers a unique range. The School also provides unique collaborations with industry and the public sector. The School of Business, Economics and Law is EQUIS, AACSB and AMBA accredited, making it the only business school in Sweden with Triple Crown accreditation.

The Department of Economy and Society at the School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg announces 2-3 positions as PhD student located at unit of Economic History. The department conducts education and research within three different subject areas; Economic History, Human Geography, and Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Management of Intellectual Asset. The different subjects within the department create possibilities to carry out interdisciplinary education and research.

The Unit for Economic History conducts research and education within the field which includes studies economic and social development in a long-run perspective. The studies concern current topics relating to globalisation, the environment, migration and gender from the perspective of economic history. Classical issues relating to economic growth and distribution are also studied. The unit offers doctoral education as well as single-subject courses on Bachelor´s and Master´s level which gives the possibility to complete a Bachelor´s and Master´s degree. Several of the courses are included in educational programmes at the University of Gothenburg. For further information please click here.

Job assignments

The PhD student is expected to complete a PhD education in economic history during the period of employment. The main component of this education is to write a doctoral dissertation. Other tasks, including teaching and administrative duties, might be necessary to some extent, and will then render an extension of the PhD education to an equivalent degree.

Eligibility

Entry requirements for third-cycle (doctoral) programmes require both general and specific eligibility.

The general entry requirements for third-cycle (doctoral) programmes are:

  1. academic degree at an advanced (Master’s) level, or
  2. attainment of at least 240 higher education (HE) credits for courses, of which at least 60 HE credits are awarded in the second cycle, or
  3. equivalent training either in Sweden or abroad.

In addition, admission to the third-cycle programme in economic history at the University of Gothenburg also requires:

  1. attainment of 90 higher education credits for courses in economic history at any level, or
  2. attainment of at least 30 higher education credits for courses in economic history at an advanced (second-cycle) level, or
  3. achievement of equivalent training either in Sweden or abroad.

Qualified is the person who masters English in speech and writing. Applicants not fluent in Swedish are expected to learn Swedish during the employment period.

Assessment

Applicants will be assessed based on the general and specific eligibility requirements and their estimated ability to benefit from the study programme. At the assessment, particular weight will be given to documented qualifications from courses completed and theses written. Weight will also be given to recommendations from previous teachers or other persons with an insight into the qualifications of the applicant. It is also of the utmost importance that the planned field of research is within fields for which the unit possesses competence to supervise a PhD thesis. Personal suitability is of importance for this position. The ability to co-operate well is a key quality. You should be able to work independently as well as in a team. One of the positions require the applicant to work in the research field of business history.

Employment

The position is a temporary position of four years according to the Higher Education Ordinance with an extent of 100 %. The employment is located at the unit of Economic History, the Department of Economy and Society. First day of employment is 2021-09-01 or upon agreement. 

Regulations for the evaluation of qualifications for education on a doctorial level are given in SFS 1993:100.

Only those who are admitted to third-cycle (doctoral) programmes may be employed as PhD student. Departmental work such as education, research or administrative assignments may be relevant.

A new employment is valid for maximum one year. The employment extends with maximum two years at a time. The total employment time cannot extend more than four years of doctoral education on full-time.

The university applies a local agreement regarding setting of wage rates for PhD students.

Appointment procedure

The applications will be evaluated by the research committee at the Unit for Economic History. Selection will be made among eligible applicants based on the information cited in the application, using the assessment criteria described above. Selected applicants will be called to an interview. Applicants are expected to be available for an interview on site or via videolink within two weeks after the last day of application.

For further information regarding the position

Please contact:

Klas Rönnbäck, professor and responsible for PhD education in economic history, +46 31 786 45 20, klas.ronnback@gu.se.

Unions

Union representatives at the University of Gothenburg:
https://www.gu.se/en/about-the-university/work-at-the-university-of-gothenburg/how-to-apply

How to apply

Please attach the following in the application:

  • Personal letter (1 page)
  • Short description (1-2 pages) of the applicant’s goal and vision for the PhD education, and the field of research that the applicant aims to work within
  • CV
  • Transcript of records of first- and second-cycle studies including courses completed and grades achieved
  • Copy of diploma/degree certificate
  • Copy of first- and second-cycle theses/degree theses (with a translation of the abstract into English for non-English theses)
  • Copy of other scientific works by the applicant that are cited in the application
  • Letters of recommendation, if applicable.

Please clearly state your social security number in the application, preferably in the CV and Cover Letter.
Also clearly state the reference number to the recruitment case. Make sure that any referees also include the reference number in their letter of recommendation.

In order to apply for a position at the University of Gothenburg, you have to register an account in our online recruitment system. It is the responsibility of the applicant to ensure that the application is complete in accordance with the instructions in the job advertisement, and that it is submitted before the deadline. The selection of candidates is made on the basis of the qualifications registered in the application at the last date of application.

Closing date: 2021-06-09

The University of Gothenburg promotes equal opportunities, equality and diversity.

Applications will be destroyed or returned (upon request) two years after the decision of employment has become final. Applications from the employed and from those who appeal the decision will not be returned.

In connection to this recruitment, we have already decided which recruitment channels we should use. We therefore decline further contact with vendors, recruitment and staffing companies.