Biz Hist Coll: 26 January 2021

How to Start an Early Modern Tax Haven: Smuggling, Fraud and Global Business in Eighteenth-century Britain

Date: 26/01/2021 @ 16:00 hrs London

Speaker:  David Chan Smith (Wilfrid Laurier University)
Follow David here: @davidchansmith
Moderator: Nicholas Wong (Nortumbria University, Newcastle)
Register here. Abstract below.

Source: https://theromneymarsh.net/smuggling

Tired of paying high customs duties recently introduced by the government? Looking for a competitive advantage in overseas markets or to access other imperial trading systems? This talk investigates the emergence of early modern tax havens around Britain. Tax havens are often assumed to be a modern phenomenon that responded to the establishment of corporate and income taxes. Yet traders in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries made creative and routine use of the jurisdictional peculiarities that existed within Europe. Local and national elites who saw these havens as sources of income sponsored these efforts even though they frequently involved fraud and smuggling. This talk will survey the functioning of the early modern tax avoidance system around Britain, explore the development of these havens and the response of central government. To illustrate its arguments, the paper examines a case study of the Isle of Man and its establishment in the 1720s as a tax avoidance hub in the Atlantic slave trade.

Paper presentation on Building Identity at the Bauhaus

I’ll be presenting a paper jointly authored with Elena Giovanonni (Royal Holloway) and Emmanuella Plakoyiannaki (Vienna) at Henley Business School on Wednesday 2nd December at 13.00 (UK time). If you’d like to join, please email me (stephanie.decker[at]bristol.ac.uk) and I pass on the Teams link.

Title:                     Building Identity: Architextual Resources in the Identity Formation of the Bauhaus

Presenter(s):     Stephanie Decker, University of Bristol

Abstract:

The Bauhaus School of Design (1919-1933) provides us with a micro-historical case study of identity formation, an area that has not been widely explored. We analyse the engagement between organizational identity and architecture as they both take form. We highlight the importance of architecture as an identity resource for the new school, and develop a framework that highlights four distinct ways in which spatial and material resources can support (or obstruct) identity formation: instrumental, by providing a space for organising; aesthetic, by visually pleasing organisational members; symbolic, by offering meaningful representation of organisational ideas; and finally temporal, by being enduring over time. We refer to the combination of these four potential elements as architextual, as they create a frame of narratives and discourses across material resources, people, practices and ideas that are inherent in the ideation, construction and interpretation of material artefacts. In our case narrative we show how these architextual identity resources not only helped the Bauhaus to overcome threats to its existence as a new organisation, but also in turn spurred on the creation of further architextual identity resources, not only helping to form and refine the school’s identity, but also facilitating multiple and shifting organizational identities over time. Finally, we show that architextual identity resources exist alongside other more commonly used resources such as discursive invocations of identity, but highlight that in particular the symbolic and temporal nature of architextual identity resources means that they remained pivotal and facilitated the emergence of a strong legacy when the Bauhaus was disbanded as an organisation after 14 years, while its influence as one of the leading design movements of the twentieth century endured.

CfP for the Business History Collective ‘Spring Webinar Series’

Deadline for submissions: Wednesday, 9th December

Following a highly successful summer webinar series, we are pleased to invite applications to contribute towards our spring webinar series, February – May 2021.

These events are primarily intended as a platform to share and discuss ongoing research, including working papers, dissertation chapters, and manuscripts under review.

Applications are not limited to a particular theme or set of topics; however, priority will be given to proposals of particular novelty, use of qualitative approaches, and historical periods preceding 1800 or subsequent to 1950.

We are also particularly interested in hearing from early career researchers, researchers from minority backgrounds (e.g., women, LGBTQ+, ethnic and racial minorities, underrepresented backgrounds/populations, etc.), as well as research and researchers located outside of Europe, North America, China and Japan.

Please write to the spring organizers, Ashton Merck (awb27@duke.edu) and Adam Nix (adam.nix@dmu.ac.uk), with any questions about the webinar series.

If you want to join as a presenter click here.

If you want to join as discussant or member of the audience click here

University of Bristol Webinar: Taylorism, generations & historical reflexivity in management scholarship

If you would like to join us for the University of Bristol School of Management Research Seminar hosted by the Strategy, International Management & Business, and Entrepreneurship (SIMBE) Academic Group, please email me (stephanie.decker[at]bristol.ac.uk) for the link.
Michael Weatherburn
(Imperial College London) 

Taylorism, generations and historical reflexivity in management scholarship
1st December, 12:30-13:30, Online Webinar (UK time)

Abstract
  

Building on increasingly confident scholarly studies (e.g. Decker, Hassard & Rowlinson, 2020; Maclean, Clegg, Suddaby, & Harvey, 2020), this project braids together history and organisation studies, and explores the historical origins and trajectory of ‘Taylorism’. As will be discussed, ‘Taylorism’ had two original meanings but mutated and expanded as part of growing scholarship on the labour process, organisation studies and political activism from the 1960s onwards. This entangled situation is still with us and indeed scholars suggest that ‘Taylorism’ presents us with a generational problem to solve (see Roper, 1999; Nyland, Bruce and Burns, 2014; Bruce et al, 2020). Addressing these points, the goal of this presentation is to both refine analysis of the historical impact of management on labour and to further demonstrate the value of historical reflexivity in management scholarship. 

Key words: Taylorism, history, organization studies, Gramsci, labour, reflexivity.

Biography 

Dr Michael Weatherburn is Field Leader of Humanities and Social Sciences and Data Science Institute Academic Fellow at Imperial College London, where he teaches history, digital studies and business ethics. He has a PhD in the history of science and technology, is Honorary Associate Professor at Hong Kong University, and History & Policy convenor at the UK Government Office for Science. He works with public and private sector clients through his consultancy, Project Hindsight (https://projecthindsight.co.uk/).  

Next event of Biz Hist Collective – 18 November

Paths Taken: The Strategic Trajectories of Retail Organisations in the United States and the United Kingdom, 1950-1980

Date: 18/11/2020 @ 16.00 hrs London
Speaker: Tom Buckely (Sheffield)
Moderator: Nicholas Wong (Northumbria)

Building on recent advances in knowledge relating to the evolution and transformation of retail institutions (Howard, 2015) and specific retail organisations (Scott and Walker, 2017; Buckley, 2018) this paper examines the strategic trajectories of retail organisations operating in the United States and the United Kingdom between 1950 and 1980. Taking an international comparative approach, the question this research seeks to answers is “how did the strategy of retail organisations develop over this thirty-year period and why did retail organisations take the strategic decisions that they did?” This question is addressed through utilising archival evidence from a department operating in the United Kingdom (the John Lewis Partnership) and the United States (Strawbridge and Clothier) and mass merchandisers operating in the UK (Marks and Spencer) and the U.S. (J.C. Penney). The archival data is utilised to examine both internal methods of organisation and managerial evaluations of the external environment retailers were operating in. The assessment of archival data reveals that each retailer took a different strategic direction, and that critical for the strategic success of the company, was the extent to which each retailer managed to construct a coherent, consistent retail proposition enabling them to function as an orchestrator of supply and demand. 

Register here.

All sessions at 10.00 Bogota / 16.00 hrs London

All speakers, abstracts and registration details available at: https://bizhiscollective.wordpress.com/agenda/

Look forward to seeing you there!

On behalf of the Business History Collective

HiMOS workshop 5 Nov ’21

Dear colleagues,

We want to draw your attention to the next HiMOS (https://historymos.wordpress.com/) virtual seminar that will take place on November 5th.

The seminar builds on the recent efforts to advance historical organization studies (Maclean, Clegg, Suddaby, & Harvey, 2020). The idea is to help open up the black box of practicing historical research.

Our keynote speaker (Ryan Raffaelli, Harvard) will share his experience and insights related to a recently published empirical article. Then, we will workshop papers at an advanced stage, authored by leading and early career scholars. This allows the participants to get hands-on insights into the various ways of doing historical research in management and organization studies.

Event details

Date:   Thursday, Nov 5, 2020

Time:   4pm–7pm (UTC+2, Finland); 2pm–5pm (UTC, UK); 9am–noon (UTC-5, Boston)

Please register here: https://link.webropolsurveys.com/EP/27C5BA1BA8B26B8D

By registering you will receive the Zoom link, passcode, and the full version of the working papers one week before the seminar.

Program

Keynote: Ryan Raffaelli, Harvard Business School

Working papers (abstracts available here):

  • Aleksi Niittymies, Tampere University (with Kalle Pajunen)
    Title: Capturing Temporal Embeddedness in International Business Research: Three Historical Approaches
  • Stephanie Decker, University of Bristol (with Elena Giovannoni and Emmanuella Plakoyiannaki)
    Title: Building Identity: Architextual Resources in the Identity Formation of the Bauhaus
  • Santi Furnari, The Business School, City, University of London
    Title: Unobtrusive action: Activating latent biographical contradictions in centralized organizations

HiMOS is organized by the Strategy and Entrepreneurship research group of Jyväskylä University School of Business and Economics (JSBE). Seminars are organized twice per year. In each seminar we will have one keynote speaker with a recent history-related publication sharing their insights and experiences and 2–3 advanced working paper presentations.

If you are interested in presenting in future seminars, contact the organizers Zeerim Cheung (zeerim.1.cheung@jyu.fi) and Christian Stutz (christian.stutz@jyu.fi).

We are looking forward to your participation.

Kind regards,

Christian and Zeerim

——————————
Christian Stutz, PhD
Postdoctoral researcher
Strategy and Entrepreneurship Research Group
JyU School of Business and Economics
University of Jyväskylä

BizHist Collective: Roundtable on Slavery and Business History

Date: 14/10/2020 @ 16.00 hrs London

Speakers: Sherryllynne Haggerty (University of Nottingham), Rafael Pardo (Emory University), Stephen Mullen (University of Glasgow)

Discussant: Cheryl McWatters (University of Ottawa)

Organiser/Hosts: Nicholas Wong and Andrew Perchard (both at Northumbria University)

Register here. See session abstracts below.

‘I am so chained down by my business to this spot’ Making Money in Jamaica, 1756

Sherryllynne Haggerty (University of Nottingham)

When Gilbert Ford wrote that he was ‘so chained down by my business’, he was of course alluding to the institution of slavery by which all free Jamaicans made their money, whether explicitly or implicitly. Ford was a planter, and one of the elite, however, this paper uses a rare set of letters sent from Jamaica in autumn 1756 to focus on the non elite. It asks how did non-elite free people contribute to, and benefit from, the local, regional and Atlantic economy of Jamaica? In 1756, despite the start of the Seven Years’ War, Jamaica was at the centre of Britain’s slave ‘system’ and its largest producer of sugar. The island produced huge wealth for white plantation owners at the expense of an enslaved labour force. However, this paper will demonstrate that for non-elites, men and women, white and of colour, there was a more complicated story.

On Bankruptcy’s Promethean Gap: Building Enslaving Capacity into the Antebellum Administrative State

Rafael Pardo (Emory University)

As the United States contends with the economic crisis triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic, should it continue to approach application of federal bankruptcy law to resolve issues of financial distress from the same perspective of the past 120 years—namely, that bankruptcy is about the resolution of private debt matters? To answer that question, this paper looks to modern U.S. bankruptcy law’s first forebear, the 1841 Bankruptcy Act, which Congress enacted in response to the depressed economic conditions following the Panic of 1837. New Orleans was among the cities that financially suffered the worst during that crisis. By the time of the Act, it was the nation’s third-most-populous city; its slave market was the nation’s largest; and its money market was one of the nation’s largest, if not the largest. This paper tells the cautionary tale about the bankruptcy administration and sale of Banks Arcade, a block-long, three-story building that was one of antebellum New Orleans’s premier commercial exchanges for auctioning enslaved African Americans. This history about how the federal administrative state restructured one component of the U.S. slavery complex should prompt us to think critically about what it means to manage the financial fallout from capitalistic excess through the bankruptcy system.

The University of Glasgow Model of Institutional Slavery Income

Stephen Mullen (University of Glasgow)

On 16 September 2018, the University of Glasgow released the report ‘Slavery, Abolition and the University of Glasgow’ that acknowledged slave-owners, merchants and planters with connections to New World slavery – and their descendants – donated capital between 1697 and 1937 that influenced the development of the institution. In doing so, the institution became the first British university to declare historical income derived from transatlantic slavery. In response to the report, a nine-point programme of reparative justice was launched, the first British university to launch a project on such a scale. This attracted global interest and was reported in The Times of London, the Guardian, and various other outlets in the Caribbean and the United States. Report authors estimated the university historically benefitted from income valued at, depending on which comparator was adopted, ranging from £16m to £198m (2016 values). Although the historical comparators were included simply as an estimation of scale, it is an imprecise science – the three different estimates are equally valid – the media reported the highest possible values. This paper discusses ‘The University of Glasgow Model of Institutional Slavery Income’; challenges, issues with the methodology; opportunities for further research, and potential transferability to other universities and institutions more broadly.

BizHizColl talk TODAY!

Historical Cognition and Strategic Entrepreneurship

Date: 25/09/2020 @ 16.00 hrs London
Speaker: Diego Coraiola, University of Alberta
Chair: Nicholas Wong, Northumbria University

Register hereSee abstract below.

Abstract

There is an emerging ‘historical turn’ in strategy and entrepreneurship research. Scholars are realizing that history can be a source of competitive heterogeneity and foster entrepreneurial action. However, scholars disagree upon the reasons why history matters. Objective approaches have theorized the inertial and path dependence effects of historically acquired resources and competencies. Contrarily, narrative approaches argue that history can be conceived as a form of rhetoric used to generate competitive advantage. Thus, in spite of the recognized importance of history for entrepreneurial and strategic behaviour, we lack an overarching theoretical framework clarifying the role of history in strategic entrepreneurship. In this chapter, we develop an integrative approach to history grounded on the notion of historical consciousness. Our cognitive view of history integrates previous approaches and outlines new avenues for the study of strategic entrepreneurship.

1st Organization Theory Winter Workshop

November 13–14, 2020 [online]

The Organization Theory (OT) Winter Workshop is aimed at organization and management researchers who wish to write high quality and impactful theoretical papers for journal publication (in Organization Theory, Organization Studies, Academy of Management Review, or elsewhere).

Call for Papers

The 1st Organization Theory (OT) Winter Workshop 2020 will offer detailed coaching and hands-on feedback sessions on participants’ papers as well as plenary sessions by members of the OT editorial team on key aspects of developing and writing theory (developing a theory contribution, construct clarity, genres of theory writing).
 
This will be the first edition of an annual workshop that will bring together organization and management scholars, the editors of Organization Theory, and senior academics with experience in writing theory papers as additional facilitators and mentors.
 
Applications for the OT Winter Workshop 2020 are now open (please see details below); we encourage both senior researchers as well as researchers in earlier stages of their careers to submit conceptual papers to be considered for this workshop. We are open to theoretical perspectives from outside the ‘mainstream’ and are keen to support the development of papers which are currently not under review. – Please note that empirical papers (those with either quantitative or qualitative data) will NOT be accepted.
 
This workshop will be online, with sessions taking place via ZOOM [tbc].

Convenors

Eva Boxenbaum | Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Joep Cornelissen | Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Penny Dick | University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
Joel Gehman | University of Alberta, Canada
Markus Höllerer | UNSW Sydney, Australia
Juliane Reinecke | King’s College London, United Kingdom
David Seidl | University of Zurich, Switzerland

This year’s theme: “New Theoretical Perspectives on Organizations, Organizing and the Organized”

Over the past years, we have witnessed a growing criticism of the standard model of theorizing through propositions and hypotheses (“if, then” clauses), and the degree to which this model can by itself conceptually capture the complexity and dynamics of organizational phenomena. Based on this criticism, there has been a repeated call for alternative ways of theorizing that unsettle, challenge and extend our current ways of knowing and understanding organizations and processes of managing and organizing, including key topics such as CSR and sustainability, power and resistance, strategy, identity, change, design, knowledge, leadership, technology, sensemaking, routines, practices, and institutions.
Whilst the standard model has its strengths and limitation, it’s not the only viable way to develop theory (Cornelissen & Höllerer, 2020). There are other ways of theorizing and writing, including various forms of critique, process theorizing, provocative thought experiments, meta-theorizing, and hermeneutic inquiries, amongst other forms. The new EGOS journal Organization Theory (OT) is open to these different forms of theorizing, and in doing so aims to be the driving force behind intellectual pluralism and theoretical developments in our field.
In line with this pluralistic ethos and our aim of opening up new theoretical perspectives, we seek contributions for the OT Winter Workshop 2020 from a wide range of theoretical perspectives and on different topic areas. Specifically, our intention is to offer an open forum and supportive environment for theory development in the broadest possible sense; we aim to provide opportunities for authors to draw novel connections across proximate disciplines, including management studies, philosophy, social and political theory, sociology, and ethics, to name a few, while retaining a clear focus on organizations and practices of organizing. We are keen to receive work that challenges existing theory, as well as papers that significantly deepen and stretch our understanding of current organizational theories and topics. Furthermore, we explicitly encourage submissions which introduce theoretical ideas from different scholarly communities around the world and aim to disclose these to a broader international audience.
Following the workshop, the best papers from the workshop can be submitted for a fast-track review process for possible publication in Organization Theory. Details on this process will be shared during the workshop.

Submissions

The 1st Organization Theory Winter Workshop will take place online on November 13 & 14, 2020.


  • Those interested in participating should submit an abstract by September 7, 2020 through the OT Workshop website: https://osofficer.wixsite.com/otworkshop. – Abstracts should not comprise more than 1,000 words.
    Authors will be notified of acceptance or otherwise by September 21, 2020.
  • Full papers must be submitted by October 20, 2020.
  • Further details on the logistics of the workshop will be published through the OT Workshop website.

Reference

Cornelissen, J., & Höllerer, M.A. (2020): “An Open and Inclusive Space for Theorizing: Introducing Organization Theory.”
Organization Theory, 1 (1); first published on December 5, 2019
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2631787719887980

Online seminar: Elites, Oil, and Economic Nationalism

Presenter: Madihah Alfadhli and Bernardo Bátiz-Lazo (Northumbria)

Host/discussant: Daniel Castillo (Las Palmas)

Elites, Oil, and Economic Nationalism: The Darwish Al-Fakhro Family case in Qatar, 1935 to 1971

August 26, 2020, 10am German summer time

Abstract

Research in this paper departs from the study of imperial oil policy and the strategy of multinational companies in the Middle East, to consider how elites and nationalism intertwine with the formation of domestic reform. Specifically, how the efforts of the merchant Abdullah Al-Darwish Al-Fakhro, representative of the then ruler of Qatar (Ali bin Al-Thani, 1949 –1974), helped this oil dependent economy to gradually gain total control of its oil industry in 1971. Source material to compose this biography emerged from family papers of the Qatari commercial elites and the British National Archive. The story tells of the evolution of the Qatari oil industry from 1935 to 1971 with special attention to negotiations with multinational companies and foreign governments in the 1950s and 1960s.

Part of the Online Seminars in Business History series hosted by Gesellschaft fuer Unternehmensgeschichte

Register for this event here.